The Siva Purana: 4 Parts in Set (AITM Vols. 1 to 4): Ancient Indian Tradition And Mythology

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The Siva Purana: 4 Parts in Set (AITM Vols. 1 to 4): Ancient Indian Tradition And Mythology
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The Purana is a class of literature that treats ancient religion, philosophy, history, sociology, politics, and other subjects. It is an Encyclopaedia of various branches of knowledge and ancient wisdom. It has been defined as a class of literature that contains material on the topics of Creation, Dissolution of Manus, Ages of Manus, Genealogies, and the History of glorious kings. For dealing primarily with these subjects it has been called Pancalaksana a little that was incorporated in the Puranas themselves and had become popular by the Fifth Century A.D., for it was included by Amarasimha in his lexicon 'Amarakosa'. But as the process of interpolation continued, the Pancalaksana definition was found inadequate. The Puranic redactors adopted a Dasalaksana definition that suited the contemporary text. Still, the dynamic forces were at work and the process of insertion, modification, and abridgment went on it was soon discovered that the Dasalaksana definition too fell short of an actual fact. It was found that the Puranas contained certain aspects that were not covered by any of the five or ten characteristics. Besides some of the characteristics covered by the Pancalaksana or Dasalaksana definition were not found in certain Puranas. In fact, the Purana as a class represents the different phases and aspects of the life of diverse ages. It is impossible to adopt a standard definition for the class of literary composition that contains heterogeneous phases and aspects. Moreover, a definition framed on the numerical basis of points is bound to be imperfect.


The Puranas are divided into two classes the Mahapuranas and the Upapuranas. Each class consists of eighteen Puranas. Thus the number of Puranas is thirty-six. The Mahapuranas are classified into different categories – Vaisnava, Brahma, Saiva, etc. in proportion as they accord preferential treatment to Visnu, Brahma, Siva, and others. Sivapurana, as its title signifies is a Saiva Purana. It derives its designation from the fact that it eulogizes the glory and greatness of Siva, describes the ritual and philosophical principles of the Siva cult, embodies descriptions, sermons, and dissertations on the greatness of his divinity, recounts his emblems, attributes, exploits, and incarnations, narrates legends on the origin and importance of his phallic image and dwells upon the merit of installing and consecrating that image. In brief, Siva-Purana is a sacred treatise of Siva's legends and rituals.

The extant text of Sivapurana is arranged into seven Samhitas designated as Vidyesvara, Rudra, Satarudra, Kotirudra, Uma, Kailasa, and Vayaviya. The second of these, Rudrasamhita, is divided into five sections, viz. Creation, the narrative of Sati, the biography of Parvati, the birth and adventures of Kumara and Siva's battles. The seventh Samhita-Vayaviya- has two parts (Purvabhaga and Uttarabhaga). It is called Vayaviya, for though it was recited by the Suta at the Naimisa Forest, it was originally proclaimed by Vayu at the advent of Svetakalpa.

According to the records of the Vayaviya, the original Sivapurana consisted of twelve Samhitas. That is to say, in addition to the extant seven, there were five more Samhitas viz. Vainayaka, Matr, Rudraikadasa, Sahasrakoti and Dharma. The complete group of twelve Samhitas comprised one hundred thousand Slokas. But five of the group were dropped in the course of reconstruction and abridgment of the Puranas. The extant Sivapurana is an abridged edition and comprises twenty-four thousand Slokas. The redaction was made by the sage Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasa himself.

As previously stated, the Mahapuranas are eighteen in number. The Puranic scholars agreed upon the authenticity of the seventeen Mahapuranas but in regard to the eighteenth, there is a difference of opinion. Most of the Puranas include Sivapurana in the list while a few others substitute Vayu for Siva. The substitution of either was inevitable, for the traditional number had to be maintained. Therefore some voted in favor of Siva, and some in favor of Vayu. Neither of the parties could agree on which of the two was actually a Mahapurana.

Now let us examine if any solution could at all be possible. We know that Sivapurana is divided into seven Samhitas, one of which is the Vayaviya. We have the testimony of Sivapurana itself that the original Sivapurana consisting of one hundred thousand slokas was abridged into twenty-four thousand slokas. On the strength of this evidence, it cannot be unreasonable to suppose that there was a proto-Sivapurana and a proto-Vayaviya. It is not unlikely that there was a close affinity between the extant Vayupurana and the proto-Vayaviya or that the extant Vayupurana is a recension of the proto-Vayaviya and thus a part of Sivapurana itself. The solution lies in assuming the identicality of the two on the basis of this suggestion, not in accepting the one and rejecting the other.

Sivapurana has all the characteristics of a Mahapurana. According to the ancients, a Mahapurana contained five main characteristics that concerned either early religion or traditional history. Of these, the origin of the universe (Sarga) is an important feature of every religion. As a Mahapurana and a sacred work of the Siva cult, Sivapurana possesses this important trait. It discusses the origin of the universe which it traces to Siva, the eternal god who though devoid of attributes still has an inherent Energy that manifests itself in the form of three principles – Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas personified as the three deities Visnu, Brahma, and Rudra. The three have their respective energies called Laksmi, Sarasvati, and Kali, in collaboration with whom they create, maintain, and dissolve the universes.

According to this account, the work of creation is entrusted to Brahma who creates the cosmic egg is insentient at first but when Visnu pervades it, it goes in motion. Then different kinds of creation are evolved out of it.

Sivapurana classifies creation into three categories: Primary, Secondary, and Primary-Secondary. The three categories are arranged in the following table.




Primary Secondary Primary-Secondary
Intellect and Ego Insentient objects Mind-born sons
Subtle elements Animals of Brahma
Five organs of action Divine beings  
And five organs of Human beings  
Knowledge, Manas Sentient feelings.  

According to Sivapurana, the ninefold creation was unable to proceed with the work of creation. The mind-born sons of Brahma refused to obey the creator and remained celibate. Then out of his body, Brahma produced eleven sons: Marici from the eyes, Bhrgu from the heart, Angiras from the head, Pulaha, Pulastya, Vasistha, Kratu from his breath, Atri from his ears, Narada from his lap, and Kardama from his shadow. When still the creation made no progress, Brahma divided himself into two-one halves in the form of a woman and the other half in the form of a man. In that half-from of a woman, he created a couple – Svayambhuva Manu and Satarupa who complied with the wishes of the creator and began the work of creation.

After all, the creation of the universe is not a permanent feature, for all creations end in dissolutions which in turn give place to re-creation. The description of this process constitutes one of the five main features of a Mahapurana. Sivapurana takes up this topic but withholds details.

The process of dissolution is complicated, for several dissolutions occur before the universe is completely dissolved. As the Puranas relate, a creation lasts for a day of Brahma equal to the age of fourteen Manvantaras. At the end of each Manvantara, there occurs dissolution. Thus a day of Brahma contains fourteen dissolutions. But these are partial dissolutions. At the end of fourteen Manvantaras, equal to a day of Brahma that lasts for a kalpa there occurs a great dissolution. Thus during the life of the creator, several creations and dissolutions take place. There occurs a complete dissolution when the creator has completed his lifetime. The elements are dissolved and merged into the body of the creator. The creator takes rest for some time and then starts the process of recreating the Universe. Thus we have a series of dissolutions and re-creations succeeding each other.

The description of the ages of Manus (Manvantaras) is another characteristic of a Mahapurana. Sivapurana mentions fourteen Manus by name. They are Svayambhuva, Svarocisa, Uttama, Tamasa, Raivata, Caksusa, Vaivasvata, Savarni, Raucya, Brahma-Savarni, Dharma-Savarni, Rudra-Savarni, Deva-Savarni, Indra-Savarni. Each Manvantara comprises 4,32,00 human years or 1/14th day of Brahma. The fourteen Manvantaras make up one whole day of Brahma. Each of the fourteen Manvantaras is presided over by its own gods, seers, and king. This scheme of Creation and Dissolution repeats itself from one age of Manu to another and is described in all the Mahapuranas. Sivapurana is no exception to the rule.

In the Pancalaksana character of the Mahapurana, genealogies, and deeds of glorious kings play an important part. The Sutas were the custodians of genealogical records which they learned by rote and which they recited at sessional sacrifices in exchange for the gifts they obtained from their patrons. But in the course of oral transmission from one generation to another some interpolations entered into these records. There were traditional variations too, for different versions existed in different families of the Sutas. When the records were incorporated into the Puranas, the interpolations and the traditional variations also settled therein. This explains the difference that exists in the genealogical records of the Puranas.

Pargiter has prepared a list of royal genealogies on the consensus of versions occurring in the Puranas. On comparing this list with that of Sivapurana we find a marked difference. By way of illustration: (i) Pargiter's list of the Ayodhya dynasty places Kakutstha as the direct descendant of Vikuksi-Sasada while in Sivapurana Kakutstha is the immediate descendant of Ayodha who is not mentioned in Pargiter's list. (ii) Arinabha of Sivapurana is substituted by Anenas in Pargiter. (iii) After Purukutsa Pargiter mentions Trasadasyu, Sambhuta, Anaranya, Trasadasva, Haryasva, Vasumanas and Tridhanvan. These names are omitted in Sivapurana which mentions Trayyaruni as the immediate descendant of Purukutsa. Siva-Purana mentions Anaranya, Mundidruha, and Nisadha after Sarvakarman or Sarvasarman while these are omitted in Pargiter. Instead, Pargiter mentions a series of eleven kings who are not found in Sivapurana at all.

With these variations, Sivapurana proceeds with the statement of genealogies and deeds of glorious monarchs. But the statements are meager, for Sivapurana is not interested in furnishing details. Still, in regard to the solar dynasty of Ayodhya, it supplies detailed information. The genealogical records of this dynasty are arranged chapter-wise in three groups: (1) from Manu to Satyavrata (ii) from Satyavrata to Sagara (iii) from Sagara to Sumitra. There is another sort of grouping also based on the sequence of time. The dynasties from Iksvaku to Marut belong to the past. The reigning period of Marut, father of Agnivarna, is called the present time when this Purana is said to have been written. The reigning period of the Kings from Agnivarna to Sumitra is called the future time that presupposes the existence of this work.

The genealogical lists are interspersed with the deeds of some illustrious monarchs. For it is a characteristic of the Mahapurana to record the deeds of some famous kings. Usually, the deeds comprise the personal history of the ruler but are sometimes related to the conditions of his reigning period. Sivapurana is interested in the records of the solar dynasty of Ayodhya ad as such it recounts the deeds of some monarchs of that house. Of these Kuvalasva-Dhundhumara, Satyavrata-Trisanku, and Sagara figure prominently. The accounts of Vikuksi-Sasada, Bhagiratha, Nisadha, Hiranyanabha, and others occupy a secondary place.

The above analysis clearly demonstrates that Sivapurana possesses the conventional characteristics of a Mahapurana in common with its other colleagues. These entitle it to the status of a great Purana. But its real greatness lies in expounding the philosophical background of the Siva ritual. The Purana conceives Siva as the eternal principle, the supreme god, the cosmic soul, and the support of all existence. But the ignorant aspirant bound in the meshes of illusion goes in quest for knowledge and imagines that his Lord has a personal form possessed of attributes distinct from his self, who in moments of distress responds to his prayers and bestows grace. The devotee then aspires for spiritual enlightenment and takes to ritual for self-purification. Sivapurana enjoins several rites of worship and acts of homage, comprising a series of physical and spiritual practices in accompaniment with the Tantra, Yantra, and Mantra appliances. He starts with the threefold devotion viz. hearing, glorifying, and deliberating the attributes of God a process that requires, according to Sivapurana, the same steady attention as in sexual intercourse. In this connexion, Rudrasamhita mentions eight means for attaining mental concentration and spiritual enlightenment. Further, the aspirant is asked to control the six chakras located in the spinal canal called Susanna that lies between Ida and Pingala-two of the vessels of the body. That is possible only by taking recourse to the means of knowledge, by the purification of six pathways, the performance of traditional rites and yogic practices The aspirant has to pass through this series of activities before he reaches another state of experience wherein he finds a perfect accord between his own self and his personal deity, yet there is an awareness of separateness from his deity till he reaches the last state of experience wherein all distinctions are obliterated and his self unites with his godhead.




Introduction xi-xviii
1. Greatness of Sivapurana 1
2. Liberation of Devaraja 6
3. Cancula's disillusion and detachment 9
4. Cancula's salvation 14
5. Binduga's salvation 18
6. Rules for listening to Sivapurana 24
7. Injunctions and prohibitions 29
1. Doubt of the sages 34
2. Answers to the doubts 38
3. Achievable and the means of achievement 44
4. The excellence of listening and deliberation 46
5. The greatness of the phallic emblem of Siva 49
6. The battle between Brahma and Visnu 52
7. Siva manifests himself as a column of fire in the battlefield 54
8. Siva's forgiveness of Brahma 57
9. Proclamation of Siva as the great lord 60
10. Fivefold activities and the Omkara-mantra 64
11. Mode of worshipping the phallic form of Siva and making gifts 67
12. The narrative of Siva's holy centres and temples 73
13. Description of good conduct 78
14. Description of fire-sacrifice 87
15. Qualification, time and place for Devayajna 91
16. Modes of Worship of clay idols and their results 96
17. The syllable Om and the five-syllabled mantra 106
18. Bondage and liberation: The glorification of the phallic emblem of Siva 118
19. Glorification of the worship of Siva's Earthen phallic image 131
20. Mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image by changing Vedic mantras 135
21. Number of phallic images of Siva used in worship 142
22. On the partaking of the Naivedya of Siva and the greatness of Bilva 146
23. Glorification of Rudraksha and the names of Siva 150
24. The greatness of the holy ashes 154
25. Greatness of Rudraksha 163
1. Inquiry of the Sages 172
2. Indra sends Kamadeva to disturb the penance of Narada 175
3. Narada attends the Svayamvara of the virgin 180
4. Narada goes to Vaikuntha and curses Visnu 185
5. Narada goes to Kasi 191
6. Description of the nature of the Maha pralaya and the origin of Visnu 194
7. Dispute between Brahma and Visnu 199
8. Description of the body of Sabdabrahman 205
9. Description of Sivatattva 209
10. Description of supreme Sivatattva 214
11. Mode of worshipping Siva 217
12. The essential and the non-essential in the worship 224
13. Mode of worshipping Siva 231
14. Direction for the worship of Siva 237
15. Manifestation of Rudra 244
16. Description of the creation 250
17. Story of Gunanidhi 255
18. Redemption of Gunanidhi 260
19. Friendship of Siva and Kubera 266
20. Siva goes to Kailasa 269
1. Summary of Sati's life 274
2. Appearance of Kama 278
3. Kama is first cursed and then blessed 282
4. Kama's marriage 288
5. Story of Sandhya 291
6. Sandhya granted a boon by Siva 296
7. Sandhya alias Arundhati marries Vasistha 302
8. Description of the form and features of Vasanta 304
9. The power of Kama and the birth of his attendants 309
10. Brahma- Visnu dialogue 314
11. Hymn to Durga. Brahma granted a boon 319
12. Daksa granted a boon 324
13. Narada is cursed by Daksa 328
14. Birth of Sati and her childish sports 331
15. Sacred rites of Nanda and hymn to Siva 336
16. Prayer to Siva offered by Brahma and Visnu 342
17. Sati granted the boon 347
18. Marriage of Siva and Sati 353
19. Description of Siva's sports 357
20. Shiva's marriage festival 364
21. Dalliance of Sati and Siva on the Himalayas 369
22. Dalliance of Sati and Siva on the Himalayas 373
23. Description of the power of devotion 379
24. Sati's test of Rama's divinity 384
25. Separation of Sati and Siva 389
26. The cause of estrangement between Daksa and Siva 395
27. The inauguration of Daksa's sacrifice 400
28. Sati's journey 405
29. Sati's statement 409
30. Sati's casting-off of her body and the subsequent disorder. 415
31. The celestial voice 417
32. Birth of Virabhadra and Siva's advice to him 420
33. March of Virabhadra 425
34. Devas see bad omens in Daksa's sacrifice 428
35. Visnu's statement 430
36. Dialogue between Visnu and Virabhadra 434
37. Destruction of Daksa's sacrifice 440
38. Dialogue between Ksuva and Dadhica 445
39. The fight between Visnu and Dadhica 451
40. Journey to Kailasa and the vision of Siva 456
41. Devas eulogise Siva 460
42. The removal of Daksa's misery 465
43. The Arrangement in Daksa's Sacrifice 469


1. Marriage of Himacala 475
2. Sanaka etc. curse Mena and her sisters 478
3. Gods praise Siva 482
4. Goddess Durga consoles the gods 485
5. Mena obtains the boon 489
6. Parvati's birth 494
7. Childhood sports of Parvati 499
8. Narada-Himalaya Conversation 501
9. The parent's advice to Parvati and Siva appears before Parvati in the dream 506
10. Mars is born and raised to the status of a planet 510
11. Siva and Himavat meet together 512
12. Siva-Himavat dialogue 516
13. Siva-Parvati dialogue 520
14. Birth and Penance of Vajranga and Taraka 525
15. Penance and Reign of Taraka 528
16. Brahma consoles the Gods harassed by Taraka 533
17. Dialogue between Indra and Kama 537
18. Kama causes perturbation in Siva's grove 540
19. Kama's destruction by Siva 544
20. The submarine fire 548
21. Narada's instructions to Parvati 550
22. Parvati's penance 554
23. Himavat dissuades Parvati, gods go to meet Siva 560
24. Siva's consent to marry Parvati 564
25. Parvati's test by seven celestial sages 571
26. Parvati-jatila dialogue 578
27. Fraudulent words of Brahmacarin 582
28. Parvati sees Siva 585
29. Siva-Parvati dialogue 589
30. Parvati returns home 593
31. Siva's magic 597
32. Seven celestial sages arrive 602
33. Appeasement of Himavat 607
34. Anaranya 613
35. Padma and Pippalada 617
36. Speeches of seven Sages 623
37. Letter of betrothal despatched; arrangement for the celebration of marriage; the arrival of the mountain-invitees 626
38. Description of the dais 631
39. The arrival of the goods and Siva's preparations 634
40. Marriage procession of Siva 639
41. Description of the altal-structure 643
42. Meeting of Siva and Himavat 648
43. Siva's wonderful sport 650
44. Mena regains consciousness 656
45. The jubilation of the citizens at the sight of Siva 664
46. The arrival of the bridegroom 668
47. Siva enters the palace of Himavat 671
48. Description of Marriage 675
49. Delusion of Brahma 680
50. Description of fun and frolic 685
51. Resuscitation of Kama 690
52. The marriage party is fed and Siva retires to bed 694
53. Description of Siva's return journey 697
54. Siva returns to Kailasa 706
1. Dalliance of Siva 711
2. Birth of Siva's son 716
3. Boyhood sports of Karttikeya 722
4. Search for Karttikeya and his talk with Nandin 726
5. Karttikeya is crowned 732
6. Miraculous Feat of Karttikeya 738
7. Commencement of the war 741
8. The battle between the gods and Asuras 745
9. Taraka's fight with Indra, Visnu and Virabhadra 749
10. Death of Taraka and Jubilation of the Gods 754
11. The victory of Kumara and the death of Bana and Pralamba 758
12. Gods eulogise Siva 761
13. Birth of Ganesa 765
14. Ganas argue and wrangle 769
15. Ganesa's battle 775
16. Ganesa's head is chopped off 780
17. Resuscitation of Ganesa 783
18. Ganesa's crowned as the chief of Ganas 788
19. Ganesa's marriage 793
20. Celebration of Ganesa's marriage 798
1. Description of the Tripuras 802
2. Prayer of the gods 809
3. Virtues of the Tripuras 815
4. Tripuras are initiated 820
5. Tripuras are fascinated 826
6. Prayer to Siva 831
7. Gods pray to Siva and Siva's instructions to the gods 836
8. Construction of the cosmic chariot 840
9. Siva's campaign 843
10. Burning of the Tripuras 846
11. God's prayer 850
12. Gods return to their abodes 854
13. Resuscitation of Indra 858
14. Birth of Jalandhara and his marriage 863
15. Fight between the gods and Jalandhara 866
16. Battle of the gods 873
17. Fight between Visnu and Jalandhara 877
18. Dialogue between Narada and Jalandhara 881
19. Jalandhara's emissary to Siva 886
20. Fight between Ganas and Asuras 891
21. Description of the special war 896
22. Jalandhara's battle 900
23. Outraging the modesty of Vrnda 904
24. Jalandhara is slain 909
25. God's prayer to Siva 914
26. Vanishing of Visnu's delusion 917
27. Birth of Sankhacuda 923
28. Penance and marriage of Sankhacuda 926
29. Previous birth of Sankhacuda 930
30. Prayers to Siva 935
31. Siva's advice to the gods 938
32. Siva sends an emissary to Sankhacuda 943
33. March of Siva 946
34. March of Sankhacuda 950
35. Dialogue between Siva and the emissary of Sankhacuda 953
36. Mutual fight 957
37. Fight of Kali 960
38. Fight of Kali 963
39. Annihilation of the army of Sankhacuda 966
40. Death of Sankhacuda 970
41. Curse of Tulasi 973
42. Death of Hiranyaksa 978
43. Death of Hiranyakasipu 984
44. Andhaka attains the leadership of Ganas 989
45. Andhaka sends his emissary to Siva 997
46. Andhaka's fight with Siva 1002
47. Swallowing of Sukra 1007
48. Swallowing Sukra and his emergence 1012
49. Andhaka obtains the leadership of Ganas 1016
50. Sukra learns Mrtasanjivani lore 1021
51. Narrative of Usa 1026
52. Narrative of Usa (continued) 1031
53. Dalliance of Usa and Aniruddha 1036
54. Fight among Bana, Siva, Krsna and others 1041
55. Chopping of Bana's arms and his humiliation 1047
56. Baja attains the position of Siva's Gana 1051
57. Gajasura is slain 1054
58. Dundubhi Nirhrada is slain 1061
59. Vidala and Utpala are slain 1065


1. Five incarnations of Siva. 1069
2. Eight forms of Siva 1074
3. Half-female incarnations of Siva 1075
4. Story of Rsabha 1078
5. Nineteen incarnations of Siva 1081
6. Incarnations of Nandisvara 1086
7. Coronation and the nuptials of Nandisvara 1092
8. Incarnation of Bhairava 1097
9. Sports of Bhairava 1103
10. Narrative of Man-lion 1110
11. Incarnation of Sarabha 1113
12. The incarnation of Sarabha (continued) 1119
13. Incarnation of Grhapati 1123
14. The incarnation of Grhapati (continued) 1129
15. The incarnation of Grhapati (continued) 1138
16. Incarnation of Yaksesvara 1139
17. Incarnations of Siva 1143
18. Eleven incarnations of Siva 1145
19. Narrative of Durvasas 1148
20. Incarnation of Hanumat 1154
21. Incarnation of Mahesa 1157
22. Harassment by Visnu's sons and the incarnation of Bull 1159
23. The incarnation of Bull (continued) 1163
24. Incarnation of Pippalada 1167
25. The incarnation of Pippalada (continued) 1172
26. Incarnation of Vaisyanatha 1174
27. Incarnation of Dvijesvara 1180
28. Incarnation of Yatinathahamsa 1186
29. Incarnation of Krsnadarsana 1190
30. Incarnation of Avadhutesvara 1195
31. Incarnation of Bhiksuvarya 1199
32. Incarnation of Suresvara 1206
33. Incarnation of Brahmacarin 1212
34. Incarnation of Sunartakanata 1218
35. The incarnation of Saintly Brahmin 1221
36. Incarnation of Asvatthaman 1224
37. Incarnation of Kirata 1228
38. Description of Arjuna's penance 1234
39. The slaying of the demon Muka 1240
40. Kirata- Arjuna dialogue 1244
41. Incarnation of Kirata (contununed) 1248
42. Twelve Jyotirlinga incarnations 1253
1. Glory of Jyotirlingas and their Uplingas 1259
2. Greatness of Sivalingas 1263
3. Penance of Anasuya and Atri 1265
4. Greatness of Atrisvara 1268
5. Death of the Brahmin lady and the greatness of Nandikesvara 1273
6. Brahmin lady attains Heaven 1276
7. Greatness of Nandikesvara 1282
8. Greatness of Mahabala 1285
9. Attainment of the supreme goal by an outcaste women 1287
10. The greatness of Mahabala (continued) 1290
11. Greatness of Pashupatinath 1294
12. Why Siva assumed the phallic form 1296
13. Origin of Vatuka 1301
14. Origin of Somanatha 1307
15. Origin of the second Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga 1312
16. Glory of Mahakala 1314
17. The glory of Mahakala (continued) 1319
18. Glory of Omkaresvara 1325
19. Glory of Kedaresvara 1327
20. Glory of Bhimesvara and the havoc perpetrated by Bhimasura 1326
21. Origin of Bhimesvara 1335
22. Greatness of Visvesvara, the arrival of Rudra at Kasi 1340
23. Greatness of Visvesvara (continued) 1343
24. Greatness of Trymbakesvara and Gautama 1348
25. Planned arrangement of Gautama 1351
26. Greatness of Tryambakesvara (continued) 1356
27. Greatness of Tryambakesvara (continued) 1362
28. Greatness of Vaidyanathesvara 1366
29. Havoc created by Raksasas of Darukavana 1373
30. Greatness of Nagesvara 1377
31. Greatness of Ramesvara 1381
32. Narrative of Sudeha and Sudharma 1385
33. Origin and glory of Ghusmesvara 1389
34. Acquisition of Sudarsana by Visnu 1394
35. Thousand names of Siva 1397
36. Efficacy of the thousand names of Siva 1414
37. Devotion to lord Siva 1417
38. Greatness of Sivaratri 1422
39. The rite of Sivaratri 1429
40. Glory of Sivaratri 1431
41. Review of salvation 1439
42. Difference between Saguna and Nirguna 1441
43. Review of knowledge 1444
1. Krsna meets Upamanyu 1450
2. Upamanyu's instruction 1456
3. Greatness of Siva 1461
4. Exhibition of Siva's skill 1468
5. Great sins 1471
6. Different types of sins 1475
7. Pathway to hell and the Emissaries of Yama 1479
8. Description of hell 1484
9. Pangs of hell 1488
10. Mode of suffering in hell 1491
11. The glory of the gift of food 1495
12. Glory of penance 1500
13. Glory of Puranas 1504
14. General charitable gifts 1508
15. Description of the Nether Worlds 1511
16. Uplift from hell 1514
17. Description of the Jambudvipa 1518
18. Seven continents 1522
19. Worlds and planets 1529
20. A special Mantra 1533
21. Fruits of righteous war 1537
22. Origin and development of the body 1541
23. Infancy and other stages; impurity of the body 1545
24. Women's nature 1551
25. Ascertainment of the time of death 1555
26. Dodging of Kala 1560
27. Escaping death & realization of Siva 1565
28. Chayapurusa 1568


29. Primeval creation 1573
30. Description of creation 1575
31. Description of creation 1580
32. Family of Kasyapa 1583
33. Description of creation 1587
34. Manvantaras 1589
35. Description of Vaivasvata 1594
36. Nine Sons and the Race of Manu 1597
37. Race of Manu 1602
38. Satyavrata to Sagara 1607
39. Kings of the solar race 1612
40. Power of the manes 1615
41. Seven hunters, their attainment 1619
42. Power of the Pitrs 1624
43. Mode of worshipping Vyasa 1626
44. Birth of Vyasa 1627
45. Incarnation of Mahakalika 1638
46. Incarnation of Mahalaksmi 1645
47. Dhumraksa, Canda, Munda and Raktabuja killed 1650
48. Manifestation of Sarasvati 1655
49. Manifestation of Uma 1660
50. Incarnation of Sataksi 1663
51. Review of holy rites 1667
1. Discussion among Vyasa, Saunaka, and others 1674
2. Dialogue between the God and the Goddess 1678
3. Way of Sannyasa 1680
4. Daily conduct of a Sannyasin 1686
5. Mystic diagram of the ascetic 1689
6. Nyasa in the path of renunciation 1692
7. Worship of Siva 1697
8. Mental worship of Siva 1703
9. Mode of interpreting the Pranava 1706
10. Susta's instructions 1710
11. Brahma Vamadeva 1713
12. Procedure of Sannyasa 1718
13. Procedure of Renunciation 1725
14. Pranava in the form of Siva 1731
15. The idol of Siva for worship 1734
16. Siva's Principle 1738
17. Non-dualistic nature of Siva 1744
18. The procedure of initiating a disciple 1749
19. Rules of Yogapatta 1752
20. Rules for hair-cutting and ablution 1757
21. The first ten days rite on the death of an ascetic 1760
22. Rites on the eleventh day of the death of an ascetic 1766
23. Twelfth-day rites for Yatis 1769
1. Origin of the sacred lore 1774
2. The problem of the sages 1778
3. Naimisa episode 1781
4. Advent of Vayu 1787
5. Principles of Siva cult 1788
6. Principles of Siva cult 1794
7. Glory of Time 1799
8. The span of life of the Trinity 1802
9. Creation and sustenance 1804
10. Description of Creation 1806
11. Description of Creation 1810
12. Description of Creation 1812
13. Creation of Brahma and Visnu 1817
14. Manifestation of Rudras 1821
15. Song of Prayer addressed to Siva and Siva 1822
16. Manifestation of divine Sakti 1825
17. Narrative of Creation 1827
18. Abandonment of the body by Sati 1831
19. Origin of Virabhadra 1836
20. Destruction of Daksa's sacrifice 1841
21. Punishment of the Gods 1844
22. Destruction of Daksa's sacrifice 1847
23. Siva's Fury 1852
24. Siva's sports on the Mandara mountain 1857
25. Goddess attains a fair complexion 1862
26. Attainment of higher status by the tiger 1865
27. Gauri's embellishment 1868
28. Glory of Bhasma 1871
29. Analysis of Vag-Artha 1872
30. Principle of Siva 1875
31. Instruction in perfect wisdom 1879
32. Description of excellent practice 1887
33. Rules Governing Pasupativrata 1891
34. Penance of Upamanyu 1899
35. Story of Upamanyu 1904
1. Acquisition of sons by Srikrsna 1910
2. Glory of lord Siva 1912
3. Upamanyu's advice to Srikrsna 1916
4. The magnificence of Gauri and Siva 1919
5. Knowledge of the Pasupati principle 1926
6. Principle of Siva 1929
7. Principle of Siva 1932
8. Incarnations of Vyasa 1935
9. Siva Yogacarya 1938
10. Devotion to Siva 1940
11. Saivite knowledge 1946
12. Glory of the mantra of Siva 1951
13. Glory of the mantra of Siva 1954
14. The glory of the mantra of Siva 1959
15. The greatness of the preceptor 1965
16. Consecration of the disciple 1971
17. Rules of Saivite Initiation 1977
18. Purification of the six paths 1980
19. Consecration of the aspirant and the greatness of the Mantra 1985
20. Special consecration 1988
21. Nitya and Naimittika rites 1991
22. Compulsory and optional Saiva rites 1995
23. Rules of worship 1999
24. Ritual of lord Siva 2001
25. Worship of Siva 2007
26. Worship of Siva with the ancillary rites 2013
27. Rite of sacrifice 2014
28. Compulsory and optional rites 2021
29. Kamya rites 2024
30. Kamya rites 2027
31. Hymn to lord Siva 2034
32. Rites for bliss hereafter 2047
33. Rites for bliss hereafter 2054
34. Delusion of Visnu and Brahma 2056
35. Delusion of Visnu and Brahma 2059
36. Installation of Siva 2065
37. Goal of Yoga 2070
38. Obstacles in the Path of Yoga 2075
39. Saivite Yoga 2081
40. Journey of the Naimisa sages 2086
41. Instructions of Vvasa 2089
  INDEX 2095


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