Indian Buddhism,A Survey with Bibliographical Notes by Hajime Nakamura

Indian Buddhism,A Survey with Bibliographical Notes

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  • Book Name Indian Buddhism,A Survey with Bibliographical Notes
  • Author Hajime Nakamura
  • Language, Pages Engish, 423 Pgs. (HB)
  • Upload Date 2024 / 01 / 27
  • ISBN 9788120802728, 8120802721
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Indian Buddhism,A Survey with Bibliographical Notes
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This work presents a survey of Indian Buddhism with detailed bibliographical notes.

Basing itself on recent studies, it is intended to introduce studies in various aspects of Indian Buddhism carried on by Japanese scholars as well as Western and Asian, especially Indian, scholars.

The main text constitutes a general survey of the development of Indian Buddhism, and studies by scholars past and present are mentioned in full detail in copious footnotes with due evaluations.

This work can be regarded, so to speak, as a development with revisions, of the Buddhist portion of M. Winternitz' History of Indian Literature. Major studies before and after Winternitz' work are exhaustively mentioned. As a reference work also this book is extreme help to scholars and students alike.

The work has been edited by Prof. Ramesh Mathur.

About the Author

Professor Hajime Nakamura, D. Litt., Honorary D. Litt., Deshikottama (Visva-Bharati) is a distinguished scholar of international repute.

He was Professor of Indian and Buddhist Philosophy at the University of Tokyo for thirty years. Since his retirement he has been conducting the Eastern Institute, as the Founder Director. He is now Professor Emeritus of University of Tokyo, a member of the Academy of Japan, and was awarded the Order of Merit by the Emperor.

He was awarded the honorary degree of Vidya-Vacaspati by the President of the Republic of India, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan. He has been visiting Professor in various Universities of the world.

He is the author of History of Early Vedanta Philosophy; Early Buddhism (in Japanese); A Comparative History of Ideas and History of the Development of Japanese Thought and many other books and articles.

Foreword

The fortunate possessor of this remarkable survey of Buddhist bibliography by the Japanese savant Hajime Nakamura could scarcely anticipate the rich contents by the author's modest preface. Here he briefly details labors of over two decades, starting with articles on Japanese bibliography, reaching out in notes to Western bibliography. The range of Buddhist bibliography is encyclopedic, and the work is therefore properly entitled Indian Buddhism.

It is a pleasure for the editor and the publishing firm motilal Banarsidass to inaugurate the Buddhist Traditions Series by reprinting Professor Nakamura's annotated bibliography. The further volumes in this series will be of smaller format. The exception is gladly made for Professor Nakamura's work because a photographic reduction would have seriously impaired the consultation of the text and of the numerous Sino-Japanese characters.

Preface

This work will present a survey of Indian Buddhism with bibliographical notes. The main sentences will constitute a general survey, but studies by scholars are mentioned occasionally with evaluation.

Originally this work was intended to introduce recent studies carried on especially by the Japanese scholars; but in order to evaluate them the author had to pay due attention to the works of the Western and Asian, especially Indian scholars, hence they have also been included.

Several parts of this survey were published earlier in the following journals: Bukkyo Kenkyu, Hamamatsu, No. 3, August 1973, p. 88f; No. 5, March 1976, p. 167f.; No. 6, February 1977, p. 164f.

The Journal of Intercultural Studies, No. 2, 1975, pp. 84-122; No. 3, 1976, pp. 60-145; No. 4, 1977, pp. 77-135; No. 5, 1978, pp. 89-138.

These have been revised and enlarged and some sections on the historical background and logic have been newly added.

As this work of survey has been under preparation for over two decades, always improving the previous manuscripts, the style of citing sources and works is not consistent, but I hope that the main body of this book and the exhaustive, although not complete, footnotes will give readers fairly useful information and prove helpful to scholars in the future.

I am extremely grateful to Dr. Takako Tanimoto, President of the Kansai University of Foreign Studies, for establishing the Intercultural Research Institute ad for sponsoring the Journal of Intercultural Studies, a yearly journal with high academic and technical standards. I am thankful to Professor Haruo Koze, Director of the Intercultural Research Institute for including this survey in the monograph series of the institute. Dr. Ramesh Mathur took the initiative and responsibility to get this survey published in the present form and his colleague Ms. Kerstin Vidaeus shared equally the entire editing and publication work. Without the kind help and assistance of these ladies and gentlemen, this work would not have been brought to this state of completion. Herewith, I express my sincere gratitude to all of them.

I am very appreciative of the fine work done by the staff members, Mr. Eikichi Hirakawa and Mr. Tadashi Fujimura, and the workers of the Sanseido Press and commend them for their spirit of cooperation and hard work.

 

Contents

 

Foreword v
Preface vii
CHAPTER I. GENERAL SURVEY OF BUDDHISM 1
CHAPTER II. EARLY BUDDHISM 12
1 The Time of the Rise of Buddhism 12
2 The Life of Gotama Buddha and his Disciples 16
3 The Scriptures of Early Buddhism 22
4 The Scriptures of Early Buddhism 22
3.A The Gradual Development of the Scriptures 22
3.B The Corpus of the Transmitted Scriptures 32
3.B i. Sutta-pitaka 32
3.B. ii. Vinaya-pitaka 50
3.B. iii. Abhidhamma-pitaka 56
Part I Original Buddhism 57
4 Aspects of Original Buddhism 57
Part II Early Buddhism 61
5 The Thought of Early Buddhism 61
6 The Practice of Early Buddhism 73
7 The Worship of Buddhas and Faith 83
8 Social Thought 87
CHAPTER III. CONSERVATIVE BUDDHISM AND TRANSITION TO MAHAYANA 90
9 Historical Background 90
9.A The Mauryan Dynasty 90
9.B The Invasions by Foreign Peoples into India 97
10 Philosophical Schools 99
10.A. Rising of Schools 99
10.B. The Abhidharma Literature 104
10.C. Later Southern Buddhism (Theravada) 114
11 Philosophical Thought 123
12 Biographies of the Buddha 130
13 The Poet Asvaghosa and his School 133
14 The Avadana Literature 137
CHAPER IV MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 141
15 Historical Background 141
15.A. The Invasion by the Kusanas 141
15.B. The Gupta and Post-Gupta Periods 145
16 Mahayana Sutras 149
16.A. Introduction 149
16.B. Earlier Sutras 159
16.B.i. Earlier and Wisdom Sutras 159
16.B.iii Philosophical Thought 168
16.C. Meditation Sutras 171
16.D. Transmigration Sutras 175
16.E. Extollment of Mahayana and Worship of Bodhisattvas 177
16.F. The Lotus Sutra and Others 183
16.F.i The Texts of the Lotus Sutra 183
16.F. ii. The Thought of the Lotus Sutra 189
16.F. iii. Other Sutras with Close Relation to the Lotus Sutra 192
16.G. The Buddhavatamsaka-sutra 194
16.G.i. Texts 194
16.G.ii The Thought 198
16.H. Pure Land Buddhism and the Ratnakuta-sutra 201
16.H.i. Pure Land of Amitabha 201
16.H.ii. The Ratnakuta-sutra 210
16.I. The Mahaparinirvana-sutra and Others 212
16.J. The Mahasamnipata-sutra and Others 216
16.K. Discipline Sutras 219
16.L. Laymen Buddhism 224
16.M. Tathagata-garbha Texts 229
16.N. Other Sutras 234
17 The Philosophical Schools of Mahayana 235
17.A. The Early Madhyamika 235
17.A.i. Nagarjuna 235
17.A.ii. Aryadeva and other Disciples of Nagarjuna 244
17.A.iii. The Thought 247
17.B. The early Vijnanavadins 253
17.B.i The Beginning and Maitreya-natha 253
17.B.ii Asanga 264
17.C.iii Non-scholastic Texts 290
17.D. Social Thought 291
CHAPTER V. LOGICIANS 294
18 Before Dignaga 294
19 Dignaga 296
20 Dharmakirti 301
21 Logicians at the Final Stage 309
22 Some Features of Indian Logic 312
CHAPTER VI. ESOTERIC BUDDHISM 313
23 The Beginning 313
24 Systematization 321
25 The Final Stage 331
26 Some Features of Esoteric Buddhism 343
Addenda et Corrigenda 344
Abbreviations and Periodicals 380
Index 397
From the Jacket

This work presents a survey of Indian Buddhism with detailed bibliographical notes.

Basing itself on recent studies, it is intended to introduce studies in various aspects of Indian Buddhism carried on by Japanese scholars as well as Western and Asian, especially Indian, scholars.

The main text constitutes a general survey of the development of Indian Buddhism, and studies by scholars past and present are mentioned in full detail in copious footnotes with due evaluations.

This work can be regarded, so to speak, as a development with revisions, of the Buddhist portion of M. Winternitz' History of Indian Literature. Major studies before and after Winternitz' work are exhaustively mentioned. As a reference work also this book is extreme help to scholars and students alike.

The work has been edited by Prof. Ramesh Mathur.

About the Author

Professor Hajime Nakamura, D. Litt., Honorary D. Litt., Deshikottama (Visva-Bharati) is a distinguished scholar of international repute.

He was Professor of Indian and Buddhist Philosophy at the University of Tokyo for thirty years. Since his retirement he has been conducting the Eastern Institute, as the Founder Director. He is now Professor Emeritus of University of Tokyo, a member of the Academy of Japan, and was awarded the Order of Merit by the Emperor.

He was awarded the honorary degree of Vidya-Vacaspati by the President of the Republic of India, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan. He has been visiting Professor in various Universities of the world.

He is the author of History of Early Vedanta Philosophy; Early Buddhism (in Japanese); A Comparative History of Ideas and History of the Development of Japanese Thought and many other books and articles.

Foreword

The fortunate possessor of this remarkable survey of Buddhist bibliography by the Japanese savant Hajime Nakamura could scarcely anticipate the rich contents by the author's modest preface. Here he briefly details labors of over two decades, starting with articles on Japanese bibliography, reaching out in notes to Western bibliography. The range of Buddhist bibliography is encyclopedic, and the work is therefore properly entitled Indian Buddhism.

It is a pleasure for the editor and the publishing firm motilal Banarsidass to inaugurate the Buddhist Traditions Series by reprinting Professor Nakamura's annotated bibliography. The further volumes in this series will be of smaller format. The exception is gladly made for Professor Nakamura's work because a photographic reduction would have seriously impaired the consultation of the text and of the numerous Sino-Japanese characters.

Preface

This work will present a survey of Indian Buddhism with bibliographical notes. The main sentences will constitute a general survey, but studies by scholars are mentioned occasionally with evaluation.

Originally this work was intended to introduce recent studies carried on especially by the Japanese scholars; but in order to evaluate them the author had to pay due attention to the works of the Western and Asian, especially Indian scholars, hence they have also been included.

Several parts of this survey were published earlier in the following journals: Bukkyo Kenkyu, Hamamatsu, No. 3, August 1973, p. 88f; No. 5, March 1976, p. 167f.; No. 6, February 1977, p. 164f.

The Journal of Intercultural Studies, No. 2, 1975, pp. 84-122; No. 3, 1976, pp. 60-145; No. 4, 1977, pp. 77-135; No. 5, 1978, pp. 89-138.

These have been revised and enlarged and some sections on the historical background and logic have been newly added.

As this work of survey has been under preparation for over two decades, always improving the previous manuscripts, the style of citing sources and works is not consistent, but I hope that the main body of this book and the exhaustive, although not complete, footnotes will give readers fairly useful information and prove helpful to scholars in the future.

I am extremely grateful to Dr. Takako Tanimoto, President of the Kansai University of Foreign Studies, for establishing the Intercultural Research Institute ad for sponsoring the Journal of Intercultural Studies, a yearly journal with high academic and technical standards. I am thankful to Professor Haruo Koze, Director of the Intercultural Research Institute for including this survey in the monograph series of the institute. Dr. Ramesh Mathur took the initiative and responsibility to get this survey published in the present form and his colleague Ms. Kerstin Vidaeus shared equally the entire editing and publication work. Without the kind help and assistance of these ladies and gentlemen, this work would not have been brought to this state of completion. Herewith, I express my sincere gratitude to all of them.

I am very appreciative of the fine work done by the staff members, Mr. Eikichi Hirakawa and Mr. Tadashi Fujimura, and the workers of the Sanseido Press and commend them for their spirit of cooperation and hard work.

 

Contents

 

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